VIDEO GAME ADDICTION IN ADOLESCENTS
Video games are designed to be addicting in the layman’s sense of the term; video game designers want gamers to keep coming back for the next scene, the next mission. Most people are able to keep video games as a leisure activity that doesn’t interfere with the rest of their lives, but some people develop a dependence on gaming. For a person who is already experiencing an emotional struggle, the feeling of accomplishing game tasks, combined with the social connection some games provide, can become addicting in a very real sense.
In some ways, teens are especially prone to this type of addiction. For the teen who is struggling socially, having trouble adapting to life changes, or feeling stressed about friends, school, or family, video games provide an enticing release: modern games are fully immersive and often never-ending, allowing teens to escape into a safe world with constant rewards. However, as time goes on, the initial feelings of happiness and relaxation associated with the game fade, and the addict starts to play more and more in an attempt to get the same positive feeling. Eventually, this leads to a feeling of helplessness over and dependency on gaming.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Teens with video game addiction often display:
- Playing video games several hours every day
- Marathon gaming sessions of 12+ hours
- Falling away from normal social activities and extracurricular activities
- A drop in grades
- Lying about gaming
- Acting irritable, distracted, or upset when unable to play
- Headaches, eye strain, or backache
- Weight gain or loss
- Poor sleep schedule
These signs are particularly worrisome if the teen is also displaying signs of depression, anxiety, or other psychological disorders, which often accompany video game addiction. Teens with autism or ADHD also develop Internet addiction at higher rates.
A comprehensive treatment plan should focus on interrupting the process of addiction, changing the addict’s attitudes towards video games, and developing new coping skills. Depending on the patient’s personality and the severity of the condition, this can be accomplished with:
- Wilderness therapy
- In-patient treatment
- Individual counseling
- Family counseling
- Group therapy
- Lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise
- Boundaries and rewards set by parents
Wilderness therapy takes a uniquely comprehensive and holistic approach, combining psychological and pharmaceutical treatments with an enriching environment focused on whole-self healing. At Pacific Quest, our Wilderness Therapy program includes a focus on Rites of Passage, Horticultural Therapy, and helping the individual find their place within the community. This approach helps prepare patients for a healthy, confident reintegration into their normal lives.
If you are concerned about your teen’s video game usage and would like to learn more, please click below to download A Parent’s Guide to Video Game Addiction in Teens and Young Adults, or feel free to contact Pacific Quest today at 808-937-5806.